• Immobility or poor mobility
  • Surgery that lasts more than 30 minutes
  • Health conditions that cause the blood to clot more easily than normal
  • Contraceptive pills and hormone replacement therapy
  • Cancer or heart failure
  • Pregnancy (about 1 in 1,000 pregnant women have DVT)
  • Obesity

  • Pain, redness, tenderness or sudden swelling in one leg
  • Skin that is warm to the touch in one leg
  • Unexplained shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or rapid heart rate
  • Coughing up blood

  • Get out of bed and move around as soon as possible after surgery or illness to¬† avoid the chance of developing a blood clot.
  • On long trips, walk up and down the aisles of the bus, train or airplane.
  • If traveling by car, stop about every hour and walk around.
  • While immobile, move your legs and flex and stretch your feet to encourage blood flow in your calves.
  • Wear loose and comfortable clothing.
  • Drink plenty of fluids (but avoid alcohol).
  • See your doctor for regular checkups.
-- National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute