1. Do a proper warm-up for at least five minutes. This can include a brisk walk, running in place or jumping jacks to allow the muscles to warm. Warm muscles perform better than cold ones and help
prevent injury.

2. Stretch carefully. Stretching cold muscles can cause injury, so stretch after doing your warm-up. This helps loosen the muscles and takes pressure off of the joints.

3. Listen to your body. When working out, stay within your physical limits, and don't try to push through an injury.

4. Cool down for at least five minutes. During the cool-down, lower the intensity of the exercise to allow the heart to slow down and muscles to calm.

5. Stretch again after finishing the workout. Keeping flexibility is key to preventing injuries.